Latin America Practice

On December 20, 2018, President Trump signed into law the Nicaragua Human Rights and Anticorruption Act of 2018 (NICA Act). The sanctions listed in the NICA Act are additional and would be complementary to the current sanctions that have already been imposed on Nicaragua by the US Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).

Crowell & Moring LLP is pleased to announce that Mariana Pendás, in the firm’s International Trade Group, has been recognized by Latinvex as one of Latin America’s “Rising Legal Stars.” The list honors 50 lawyers from 38 international law firms doing business in Latin America. Selections were made based on scope and prominence of

On July 19, the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued Venezuela General License 5.

General License 5 authorizes U.S. persons to engage in all transactions related to, the provision of financing for, and other dealings in the Petróleos de Venezuela SA 2020 8.5 Percent Bond that would be prohibited

On May 21, President Trump issued a new Executive Order (E.O.) “Prohibiting Certain Additional Transactions with Respect to Venezuela.” The new E.O. targets the Venezuelan Government’s ability to factor receivables and liquidate equity interest in exchange for cash.

The E.O. prohibits U.S. persons or persons within the United States from all transactions related

The last week of March has brought new measures against Maduro’s regime from the U.S., Europe, and Latin-America. While Switzerland has aligned with European Union (EU) sanctions, Panama has included Venezuelan government officials and several companies in their Politically Exposed Persons’ (PEPs) list. The State of Florida has also enacted divestment laws targeting Venezuela.

Florida

On March 19, President Trump issued an Executive Order (E.O.) “Taking Additional Steps to Address the Situation in Venezuela.” This E.O. aims to take further action against the Venezuelan Government’s newly issued cryptocurrency—Petro.

Previously, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) had issued a Frequently Asked

Venezuela has frequently been in the news lately, not only because of domestic politics, but also because of sanctions and bribery enforcement actions brought by U.S. authorities. In this podcast, Crowell & Moring’s Cari Stinebower, Dalal Hasan, Eduardo Mathison, and Mariana Pendás provide an overview of recent political and enforcement developments in Venezuela and explain

On February 20, the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), Luis Almagro, called for more and harsher sanctions on Venezuela. Almagro proposed broader sanctions on the country in addition to the current financial and individually-targeted sanctions. This includes the country’s oil industry.

In addition to Almagro, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson

On January 11, Mexico signed the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (the ICSID Convention). ICSID is a World Bank organization that administers investor-State arbitrations and is the leading institution for the resolution of international investment disputes.

It is important to note that Mexico signed the ICSID

In December 2017, the Government of Venezuela announced the adoption of a new digital currency called Petro—backed by Venezuelan oil resources—in what it described as an attempt to avoid the impact of U.S. Financial Sanctions. On January 19, OFAC published a new Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) offering its view that the proposed currency may