Since March 2018, when President Trump exercised his authority under Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 to impose a 25 percent tariff on steel imports and a 10 percent import on aluminum, trade partners of the United States have made efforts to receive exemptions from the steel and aluminum tariffs. In several
Last Updated on February 9, 2022: The U.S. and Japan Reach Tariff-Rate Quota (TRQ) Agreement to Replace Section 232 Tariffs
U.S. Trade Actions
|Action||Covered Products||Rate Increase||Effective Date|
|Section 232||Steel and Aluminum||Steel – 25%
Aluminum – 10%
Derivative Articles – 2/8/2020
|Status:||Steel – all countries of origin except Canada (exempted), Mexico (exempted), South Korea, Brazil, and Argentina (agreed to quotas); and Australia (exempted).
Derivative Steel Articles – imports from Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and South Korea are exempted.
The United States will replace the existing 25 percent tariff on EU steel products under Section 232 with a tariff-rate quota (TRQ) for an annual import volume of 3.3 MMT with a date of effectiveness of January 1, 2022.
Aluminum – all countries of origin except Canada (exempted), Mexico (exempted), Argentina (agreed to quotas); and Australia (exempted).
Derivative Aluminum Articles – imports from Argentina, Australia, Canada, and Mexico are exempted.
On October 24, South Africa was granted exemptions on 161 aluminum and 36 steel products by the Commerce Department.
A quota agreement was reached with the UAE by the Trump administration, effective February 3, 2021. However, this agreement was revoked by the Biden administration.
The United States will replace the existing 10 percent tariff on EU aluminum products under Section 232 with a tariff-rate quota (TRQ) for an annual import volume of 18 thousand metric tons (TMT) for unwrought aluminum and 366 TMT for semi-finished (wrought) aluminum with a date of effectiveness of January 1, 2022.
The United States will replace the existing 25 percent tariff on Japanese steel products under Section 232 with a tariff-rate quota (TRQ) for an annual import volume of 1.25 million metric tons (MMT) with a date of effectiveness of April 1, 2022.
|Section 301||Large Civil Aircraft||See below||2/11/2021|
|On January 12, 2021, the Trump Administration released a new set of tariffs against the EU.
On February 11, 2021, the Biden Administration decided not to increase tariffs against the European Union.
|Section 301 – China||For the final list of products in List 1, please click here.
For a list of products in List 4A, please click here. See Annex A.
|Status:||List 1 totaling $34 billion worth of imports is composed of 818 tariff lines, and went into effect on 7/6/2018.
List 2 totaling $16 billion worth of imports was originally composed of 284 proposed tariff lines identified by the interagency Section 301 Committee. 279 of the 284 lines went into effect on 8/23/2018.
List 3 totaling approximately $200 billion of imports was originally composed of 6,031 tariff lines. 5,745 full and partial lines went into effect on 9/24/2018.
On May 10, 2019, List 3 tariffs increased to 25 percent (see here for on-water exception).
|Canada||For covered products, please click here.||Table 1 – 25%
Table 2 – 10%
Table 3 – 10%
(as of 5/20/2019)
|Status:||The Canadian government received over 1,000 submissions of public feedback during public consultations on its original list.
Canada is imposing countermeasures against C$16.6 billion in imports of steel, aluminum, and other products from the U.S., representing the value of 2017 Canadian exports affected by the U.S. tariffs.
|EU||For covered products, please click here.||Annex I – 10% or 25%
Annex II – 10% – 50%
|Annex I – 6/22/2018
Annex II – 6/1/2021 (Annex II Temporarily Suspended)
|Status:||The EU suspended the additional duties imposed on U.S. goods that they had initiated in response to the U.S. Section 232 measures in light of the tariff-rate quota (TRQ) compromise.|
|EU||Large Civil Aircraft||Annex I – 15%
Annex II – 25%
To be suspended for five years.
|Status:||For the latest status, please click here.|
|Mexico||For the translated list of covered products, please click here.||7% – 25% (pages 1-4)
10% – 15% (page 5)
(as of 5/20/2019)
|Status:||Most retaliatory measures effective as of 6/5/2018. An “exception” list is effective on 7/5/2018.|
|China (Response to Section 232 Tariffs)||For covered products, please click here.||Annex I – 15% – 25%||4/3/2018|
|China (Response to Section 301 Tariffs)||For covered products in List 1, please click here.
|25% (No Change on June 1st – 28 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded)||7/6/2018|
|For covered products in List 2, please click here.(Unofficial Version)||25% (No Change on June 1st – 116 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded)||8/23/2018|
For covered products in List 3, please click here. (Unofficial Version)
Additional Tariffs Announced on August 23, 2019
|Annex 1 – increased from 10% to 25% on June 1st, 2019
Annex 2 – increased from 10% to 20% on June 1st, 2019
Annex 3 – increased from 5% to 10% on June 1st, 2019
Annex 4 – remains 5% (No Change on June 1st – 67 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded)
China cuts certain tariffs
|6/1/2019 for Annexes 1, 2, and 3
9/24/2018 (Annex 4)
September 1, 2019
December 15, 2019 (Indefinitely Delayed)
February 14, 2019
|Status:||List 1 is composed of 545 tariff lines, and goes into effect on 7/6/2018.
List 2 contains 333 tariff lines on U.S. goods worth $16 billion. Start date is 8/23/2018.
List 3 contains 5,207 tariff lines on U.S. worth $60 billion. Start date is 9/24/2018.
The September 1 and December 15, 2019 increases represent an additional $75 billion of tariffs on U.S. goods.
|India||For covered products, please click here.||Up to $10.6 billion;
Annex I – 5% – 100%
|Status:||The U.S. declined India’s request for WTO consultations.|
|Japan||For covered products, please click here.||Up to $1.91 billion||TBD – no earlier than March 23, 2021, or the 5th day following the date of a decision from the WTO DSB, whichever comes first.|
|Status:||The United States will replace the existing 25 percent tariff on Japanese steel products under Section 232 with a tariff-rate quota (TRQ) for an annual import volume of 1.25 million metric tons (MMT) under 54 product categories with a date of effectiveness of April 1, 2022.|
|Russia||For covered products, please click here.||Additional Tariffs of 25, 30, 35, or 40%||8/6/2018|
|Status:||On August 6, 2018, Russia began imposing additional tariffs on selected U.S. products.|
|Turkey||For covered products, please click here.||Up to $1.78 billion;
Annex I – 5% – 40%Increased certain duties by 4 to 140%
On July 5, 2018, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) hosted a teleconference to review Section 301 filings requirements, allow members of the trade community to seek clarifications and raise questions, and outline resources CBP has in place.
This week will see the implementation of previously announced tariff increases from the U.S., China, and Mexico.
Thursday, July 5 – Section 232 (Mexico)
Mexico will implement the second round of its retaliation for the U.S.’ increased tariffs on imports of certain steel and aluminum products with additional tariffs of 10-15% on pork and cheese…
On June 29, 2018, Canada released its retaliatory tariff list in response to the U.S. Section 232 tariffs on imports of certain steel and aluminum products from Canada at the rates of 25% and 10%, respectively.
The list is broken out into three tables. Items in Table 1 will be subject to a 25 per…
On June 21, 2018, the U.S. Department of Commerce published in the Federal Register an extended commenting schedule in the Section 232 investigation on U.S. imports of automobiles, including cars, SUVs, vans and light trucks, and automotive parts.
Commerce is now extending that comment period by a week from the initial deadline.
Interested parties are…
On June 6, the European Commission (Commission) issued a press release stating, “The College of Commissioners endorsed today the decision to impose additional duties on the full list of US products notified to the World Trade Organisation (WTO), as part of the EU’s response to the US tariffs on steel and aluminium products.”
On June 5, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issued a message providing instructions for importers who receive approval for a steel or aluminum product exclusion from the Department of Commerce (DOC).
The message states, “Upon receipt of the approved product exclusion from the DOC, for the importer of record listed in the approved exclusion,…
Media sources are reporting the Department of Commerce will not consider steel and aluminum product exclusions for countries subject to quotas. Only countries facing the tariffs will be considered for product exclusions.
Currently, South Korea, Brazil, and Argentina have agreed to an absolute quota deal on certain steel products that are subject to the Section…
On May 31, 2018, the Department of Commerce announced the imposition of tariffs on imported steel and aluminum products from Canada, Mexico, and the European Union (EU). The 25 percent tariff on imported steel and the 10 percent tariff on imported aluminum products officially took effect on June 1, 2018. Canada, Mexico, and the EU…