Last Updated on February 9, 2022: The U.S. and Japan Reach Tariff-Rate Quota (TRQ) Agreement to Replace Section 232 Tariffs
U.S. Trade Actions
|Action||Covered Products||Rate Increase||Effective Date|
|Section 232||Steel and Aluminum||Steel – 25%
Aluminum – 10%
Derivative Articles – 2/8/2020
|Status:||Steel – all countries of origin except Canada (exempted), Mexico (exempted), South Korea, Brazil, and Argentina (agreed to quotas); and Australia (exempted).
Derivative Steel Articles – imports from Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and South Korea are exempted.
The United States will replace the existing 25 percent tariff on EU steel products under Section 232 with a tariff-rate quota (TRQ) for an annual import volume of 3.3 MMT with a date of effectiveness of January 1, 2022.
Aluminum – all countries of origin except Canada (exempted), Mexico (exempted), Argentina (agreed to quotas); and Australia (exempted).
Derivative Aluminum Articles – imports from Argentina, Australia, Canada, and Mexico are exempted.
On October 24, South Africa was granted exemptions on 161 aluminum and 36 steel products by the Commerce Department.
A quota agreement was reached with the UAE by the Trump administration, effective February 3, 2021. However, this agreement was revoked by the Biden administration.
The United States will replace the existing 10 percent tariff on EU aluminum products under Section 232 with a tariff-rate quota (TRQ) for an annual import volume of 18 thousand metric tons (TMT) for unwrought aluminum and 366 TMT for semi-finished (wrought) aluminum with a date of effectiveness of January 1, 2022.
The United States will replace the existing 25 percent tariff on Japanese steel products under Section 232 with a tariff-rate quota (TRQ) for an annual import volume of 1.25 million metric tons (MMT) with a date of effectiveness of April 1, 2022.
|Section 301||Large Civil Aircraft||See below||2/11/2021|
|On January 12, 2021, the Trump Administration released a new set of tariffs against the EU.
On February 11, 2021, the Biden Administration decided not to increase tariffs against the European Union.
|Section 301 – China||For the final list of products in List 1, please click here.
For a list of products in List 4A, please click here. See Annex A.
|Status:||List 1 totaling $34 billion worth of imports is composed of 818 tariff lines, and went into effect on 7/6/2018.
List 2 totaling $16 billion worth of imports was originally composed of 284 proposed tariff lines identified by the interagency Section 301 Committee. 279 of the 284 lines went into effect on 8/23/2018.
List 3 totaling approximately $200 billion of imports was originally composed of 6,031 tariff lines. 5,745 full and partial lines went into effect on 9/24/2018.
On May 10, 2019, List 3 tariffs increased to 25 percent (see here for on-water exception).
|Canada||For covered products, please click here.||Table 1 – 25%
Table 2 – 10%
Table 3 – 10%
(as of 5/20/2019)
|Status:||The Canadian government received over 1,000 submissions of public feedback during public consultations on its original list.
Canada is imposing countermeasures against C$16.6 billion in imports of steel, aluminum, and other products from the U.S., representing the value of 2017 Canadian exports affected by the U.S. tariffs.
|EU||For covered products, please click here.||Annex I – 10% or 25%
Annex II – 10% – 50%
|Annex I – 6/22/2018
Annex II – 6/1/2021 (Annex II Temporarily Suspended)
|Status:||The EU suspended the additional duties imposed on U.S. goods that they had initiated in response to the U.S. Section 232 measures in light of the tariff-rate quota (TRQ) compromise.|
|EU||Large Civil Aircraft||Annex I – 15%
Annex II – 25%
To be suspended for five years.
|Status:||For the latest status, please click here.|
|Mexico||For the translated list of covered products, please click here.||7% – 25% (pages 1-4)
10% – 15% (page 5)
(as of 5/20/2019)
|Status:||Most retaliatory measures effective as of 6/5/2018. An “exception” list is effective on 7/5/2018.|
|China (Response to Section 232 Tariffs)||For covered products, please click here.||Annex I – 15% – 25%||4/3/2018|
|China (Response to Section 301 Tariffs)||For covered products in List 1, please click here.
|25% (No Change on June 1st – 28 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded)||7/6/2018|
|For covered products in List 2, please click here.(Unofficial Version)||25% (No Change on June 1st – 116 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded)||8/23/2018|
For covered products in List 3, please click here. (Unofficial Version)
Additional Tariffs Announced on August 23, 2019
|Annex 1 – increased from 10% to 25% on June 1st, 2019
Annex 2 – increased from 10% to 20% on June 1st, 2019
Annex 3 – increased from 5% to 10% on June 1st, 2019
Annex 4 – remains 5% (No Change on June 1st – 67 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded)
China cuts certain tariffs
|6/1/2019 for Annexes 1, 2, and 3
9/24/2018 (Annex 4)
September 1, 2019
December 15, 2019 (Indefinitely Delayed)
February 14, 2019
|Status:||List 1 is composed of 545 tariff lines, and goes into effect on 7/6/2018.
List 2 contains 333 tariff lines on U.S. goods worth $16 billion. Start date is 8/23/2018.
List 3 contains 5,207 tariff lines on U.S. worth $60 billion. Start date is 9/24/2018.
The September 1 and December 15, 2019 increases represent an additional $75 billion of tariffs on U.S. goods.
|India||For covered products, please click here.||Up to $10.6 billion;
Annex I – 5% – 100%
|Status:||The U.S. declined India’s request for WTO consultations.|
|Japan||For covered products, please click here.||Up to $1.91 billion||TBD – no earlier than March 23, 2021, or the 5th day following the date of a decision from the WTO DSB, whichever comes first.|
|Status:||The United States will replace the existing 25 percent tariff on Japanese steel products under Section 232 with a tariff-rate quota (TRQ) for an annual import volume of 1.25 million metric tons (MMT) under 54 product categories with a date of effectiveness of April 1, 2022.|
|Russia||For covered products, please click here.||Additional Tariffs of 25, 30, 35, or 40%||8/6/2018|
|Status:||On August 6, 2018, Russia began imposing additional tariffs on selected U.S. products.|
|Turkey||For covered products, please click here.||Up to $1.78 billion;
Annex I – 5% – 40%Increased certain duties by 4 to 140%
Updated on February 9, 2022: The U.S. and Japan Reach Tariff-Rate Quota (TRQ) Agreement to Replace Section 232 Tariffs
Updated on February 7, 2022: The U.S. and Japan Reach Agree to Resolve Excess Capacity Issues
Updated on November 8, 2021: U.S. and EU Agree on Steel and Aluminum Tariff-Rate Quota
Updated June 25, 2021: U.S. and EU Agree on Framework to Resolve Large Civil Aircraft Dispute.
Update May 20, 2021: Implementation of Annex II of the EU 232 retaliatory tariffs has been temporarily suspended in favor of excess capacity talks.
Update March 3, 2021: The implementation of Annex II of the EU 232 retaliatory tariffs has been amended and moved from March 23 to June 1, 2021.
Update September 16, 2020: The U.S. and Canada have refrained from increasing tariffs on aluminum.
Update September 11, 2020: U.S. imposes 10% tariffs on all aluminum products from Canada beginning on August 16; Canada retaliates effective September 16.
Update on February 7, 2020: Added February 14, 2020, Section 301 tariff cuts by the U.S. and China.
Update on January 27, 2020: Addition of 232 tariffs to Derivative Articles of Steel and Aluminum
Update on December 17, 209: Added Phase One Agreement between the U.S. and China
Update on September 13, 2019: Added a delay in the U.S. implementation of a 5% increase on Lists 1-3 tariffs from October 1 to October 15, 2019.
Update on August 28, 2019: Added U.S. 5% retaliation to China’s $75 billion of additional tariffs on U.S. goods.
Update on 8/23/2019: Added China’s $75 billion of additional tariffs on U.S. goods to begin September 1 and December 15, 2019.
Update on 8/13/2019: Added U.S. Lists 4A and 4B with implementation dates of 9/1/2019 and 12/15/2019, respectively.
Update on 5/20/2019: Updated China retaliatory tariffs effective June 1; added Canada and Mexico are now exempt from Section 232 Steel and Aluminum tariffs as of 5/20/2019; added Canada and Mexico announcements ending Section 232 retaliatory tariffs as of 5/20/2019; and updated status of Section 232 Autos and Automotive parts investigation.
Update on 5/14/2019: Add unofficial spreadsheet with Section 301 List 4 and details of public comment and hearing dates and process.
Update on 5/10/2019: U.S. Section 301 List 3 Tariffs Increased from 10 percent to 25 percent.
Update on 1/17/2019: India Retaliatory Tariffs on goods of US origin – effective date now 1/31/2019.
Update on 10/30/2018: Added South Africa’s Section 232 steel and aluminum exemptions.
Update on 10/15/2018: certain HTSUS subheadings covered by the supplemental action were modified as of October 1, 2018. This notice conforms the September 21 supplemental action to the HTSUS modifications in the Presidential Proclamation and amends the prior action taken in the investigation by removing certain subheadings of the HTSUS listed in Annex A to the September 21st Notice. 83 FR 49153.
Update on 8/22/2018: added the Government of Turkey’s WTO response to the U.S.’ doubling of tariffs on steel articles covered by Section 232 imported from Turkey.
Update on 8/16/2018: added link to Federal Register Notice formalizing China List 2 Section 301 tariffs.
Update on 8/14/2018: added new Section 232 tariff of 50% on steel from Turkey.
Update on 8/8/2018: added China’s retaliatory tariffs on $16 billion – List of affected HTS Subheadings includes additional 219 tariff items, plus tariff rate of 25%.
Update on 8/7/2017: added USTR’s final list of covered products for Section 301 List 2 tariffs with 25% tariff rate.
Update on 8/3/18: added China’s latest Section 301 (List 3) retaliatory tariffs.
Update on 8/2/2018: changed the proposed rate for China Section 301 List 3 from 10 percent to 25 percent.ar
Update on 7/13/2018: added link to an unofficial searchable and filterable spreadsheet listing the tariff codes for all three current U.S. Section 301 tariff lists (see last line in Section 301 Status).
Update on 7/11/2018: added new U.S. Section 301 tariffs announced on 7/10/2018.
Update on 7/2/2018: added EU Annex I tariffs effective.
Update on 6/29/2018: added Canadian retaliatory tariffs.
Update on 6/21/2018: added India, Japan, Russia, and Turkey.
Update on 6/18/2018: added China’s Section 301 retaliatory tariffs.
Update on 6/15/2018: added new U.S. Section 301 tariffs; added translated version of Mexican retaliatory measures and updated Mexico section.
Update on 9/18/2018: added the final list of products in List 3, its tariff rate of 10 percent, effective date of 9/24/2018, and tariff rate of 25 percent effective on 1/1/2019. Also, China’s retaliatory action for the new tariffs has been updated. The tariff rates changed for three of the four annexes. The new tariffs are effective on 9/24/2018.