The Trump Administration’s trade policy took another unexpected turn following the President’s Monday morning tweets on December 2, 2019. President Trump announced his intention to re-impose steel and aluminum tariffs on Argentina and Brazil due to “massive devaluation of their currencies.” In March 2018, President Trump imposed 25% duties on all foreign steel imports and
Following the U.S. removal of Section 232 tariffs on steel and aluminum products from Canada and Mexico, both countries have officially lifted their retaliatory tariffs.
- Canadian Finance Minister Bill Morneau announced that effective May 20, 2019, Canada is lifting its retaliatory countermeasures against the U.S.
- The Mexican Ministry of Economy published, and put into
Per CBP, “Effective for goods entered for consumption, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on May 20, 2019, the Section 232 duty on imports of steel and aluminum articles with a country of origin of Canada or Mexico will no longer be in effect.”
On March 25, 2019, the U.S. Court of International Trade (CIT) in American Institute for International Steel, Inc., Sim-Tex, LP and Kurt Orban Partners, LLC v. United States, held that Section 232 duties imposed on certain steel and aluminum imports by President Trump were constitutional. The three-judge panel denied the American Institute for International…
The 116th Congress begins on January 3, 2019. Based on projections from yesterday’s midterms, Democrats will control the House of Representatives by a narrow margin, while Republicans will expand their hold on the Senate. The changes to Congress are likely to shape trade policy through 2019, but much will depend on how House Democrats use…
Last updated on February 7, 2020: Added February 14, 2020, Section 301 tariff cuts by the U.S. and China.
U.S. Trade Actions
|Action||Covered Products||Rate Increase||Effective Date|
|Section 232||Steel and Aluminum||Steel – 25%
Aluminum – 10%
Derivative Articles – 2/8/2020
|Status:||Steel – all countries of origin except Canada (exempted), Mexico (exempted), South Korea, Brazil, and Argentina (agreed to quotas); and Australia (exempted).
Derivative Steel Articles – imports from Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, and South Korea are exempted.
Aluminum – all countries of origin except Canada (exempted), Mexico (exempted), Argentina (agreed to quotas); and Australia (exempted).
Derivative Aluminum Articles – imports from Argentina, Australia, Canada, and Mexico are exempted.
On October 24, South Africa was granted exemptions on 161 aluminum and 36 steel products by the Commerce Department.
|Section 232||Autos and Automotive Parts||TBD||TBD|
|Status:||For the latest status, please click here.|
|Section 301||For the final list of products in List 1, please click here.
For a list of products in List 4A, please click here. See Annex A.
|Status:||List 1 totaling $34 billion worth of imports is composed of 818 tariff lines, and went into effect on 7/6/2018.
List 2 totaling $16 billion worth of imports was originally composed of 284 proposed tariff lines identified by the interagency Section 301 Committee. 279 of the 284 lines went into effect on 8/23/2018.
List 3 totaling approximately $200 billion of imports was originally composed of 6,031 tariff lines. 5,745 full and partial lines went into effect on 9/24/2018.
On May 10, 2019, List 3 tariffs increased to 25 percent (see here for on-water exception).
|Canada||For covered products, please click here.||Table 1 – 25%
Table 2 – 10%
Table 3 – 10%
(as of 5/20/2019)
|Status:||The Canadian government received over 1,000 submissions of public feedback during public consultations on its original list.
Canada is imposing countermeasures against C$16.6 billion in imports of steel, aluminum, and other products from the U.S., representing the value of 2017 Canadian exports affected by the U.S. tariffs.
|EU||For covered products, please click here.||Annex I – 10% or 25%
Annex II – 10% – 50%
|Annex I – 6/22/2018
Annex II – 3/23/2021 or 5th day after WTO Dispute Settlement Body rules against the U.S. action, whichever is first.
|Status:||For the latest status, please click here.|
|Mexico||For the translated list of covered products, please click here.||7% – 25% (pages 1-4)
10% – 15% (page 5)
(as of 5/20/2019)
|Status:||Most retaliatory measures effective as of 6/5/2018. An “exception” list is effective on 7/5/2018.|
|China (Response to Section 232 Tariffs)||For covered products, please click here.||Annex I – 15% – 25%||4/3/2018|
|China (Response to Section 301 Tariffs)||For covered products in List 1, please click here.
|25% (No Change on June 1st – 28 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded)||7/6/2018|
|For covered products in List 2, please click here.(Unofficial Version)||25% (No Change on June 1st – 116 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded)||8/23/2018|
For covered products in List 3, please click here. (Unofficial Version)
Additional Tariffs Announced on August 23, 2019
|Annex 1 – increased from 10% to 25% on June 1st, 2019
Annex 2 – increased from 10% to 20% on June 1st, 2019
Annex 3 – increased from 5% to 10% on June 1st, 2019
Annex 4 – remains 5% (No Change on June 1st – 67 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded)
China cuts certain tariffs
|6/1/2019 for Annexes 1, 2, and 3
9/24/2018 (Annex 4)
September 1, 2019
December 15, 2019 (Indefinitely Delayed)
February 14, 2019
|Status:||List 1 is composed of 545 tariff lines, and goes into effect on 7/6/2018.
List 2 contains 333 tariff lines on U.S. goods worth $16 billion. Start date is 8/23/2018.
List 3 contains 5,207 tariff lines on U.S. worth $60 billion. Start date is 9/24/2018.
The September 1 and December 15, 2019 increases represent an additional $75 billion of tariffs on U.S. goods.
|India||For covered products, please click here.||Up to $10.6 billion;
Annex I – 5% – 100%
|Status:||The U.S. declined India’s request for WTO consultations.|
|Japan||For covered products, please click here.||Up to $1.91 billion||TBD – no earlier than March 23, 2021, or the 5th day following the date of a decision from the WTO DSB, whichever comes first.|
|Status:||No update since May 18, 2018. Ambassador Lighthizer is holding trade talks with Economy Minister Motegi in July. Under Secretary McKinney is also leading a trade mission to Japan to discuss a possible bilateral trade deal.|
|Russia||For covered products, please click here.||Additional Tariffs of 25, 30, 35, or 40%||8/6/2018|
|Status:||On August 6, 2018, Russia began imposing additional tariffs on selected U.S. products.|
|Turkey||For covered products, please click here.||Up to $1.78 billion;
Annex I – 5% – 40%Increased certain duties by 4 to 140%
On August 10, 2018, President Trump issued a new Proclamation Adjusting Imports of Steel into the United States from Turkey. Steel articles covered by Section 232 from Turkey are now subject to an ad valorem duty rate of 50%.
On August 12, 2018, U.S. Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) issued Cargo Systems Messaging Service (CSMS)…
The USTR announced on August 3rd that it will review Turkey’s eligibility for the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program that grants duty-free access to the U.S. market. GSP is a U.S. trade program designed to promote economic growth in the developing world by providing preferential duty-free entry for up to 4,800 products from…
On July 5, 2018, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) hosted a teleconference to review Section 301 filings requirements, allow members of the trade community to seek clarifications and raise questions, and outline resources CBP has in place.
This week will see the implementation of previously announced tariff increases from the U.S., China, and Mexico.
Thursday, July 5 – Section 232 (Mexico)
Mexico will implement the second round of its retaliation for the U.S.’ increased tariffs on imports of certain steel and aluminum products with additional tariffs of 10-15% on pork and cheese…