China Retaliatory Tariffs

Trade talks between the United States and China are set to resume on October 10, 2019 in Washington, D.C., in order to determine if the two countries can make a plan to lead them out of the current trade war. On Wednesday, September 25, 2019, President Trump said that a deal to end the nearly

On September 11, 2019, China’s Ministry of Finance announced exemptions for sixteen (16) U.S. product lines from its retaliatory tariffs against the United States. These exemptions may be viewed as a gesture of good will from China and an attempt to de-escalate the tariff and trade war between the two countries that has been waging 

On September 11, China’s Ministry of Finance announced exemptions for 16 U.S. product lines from retaliatory tariffs. The exemptions are seen as a gesture of good will from China and an attempt to de-escalate the tariff war between the two sides that has been raging on for over a year. Deputy-level trade negotiators from Washington

On August 23, the Customs Tariff Commission of China’s State Council announced the decision to impose approximately $75 billion in additional tariffs on the United States. Beijing’s latest retaliatory tariffs are in response to President Trump’s List 4 Trade Action of $300 billion dollars which USTR published earlier in August.

Mirroring the rollout of U.S.

On May 13, 2019, the Chinese Customs Tariff Commission of the State Council (CTCSC) issued CTCSC Announcement [2019] No. 3 announcing China’s retaliatory measures in response to the United States’ latest increase of Section 301 tariffs from 10% to 25% on $200 billion worth of Chinese imports.

According to the CTCSC Announcement [2019] No. 3,

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Last updated on September 13, 2019: Added a delay in the U.S. implementation of a 5% increase on Lists 1-3 tariffs from October 1 to October 15, 2019.

U.S. Trade Actions

Action Covered Products Rate Increase Effective Date
Section 232 Steel and Aluminum Steel – 25%
Aluminum – 10%
6/1/2018
Status: Steel – all countries of origin except Canada (exempted), Mexico (exempted), South Korea, Brazil, and Argentina (agreed to quotas); and Australia (exempted).

Aluminum – all countries of origin except Canada (exempted), Mexico (exempted), Argentina (agreed to quota); and Australia (exempted).

Beginning August 13, steel articles covered by Section 232 from Turkey are subject to an ad valorem duty rate of 50%.

On October 24, South Africa was granted exemptions on 161 aluminum and 36 steel products by the Commerce Department.

Canada and Mexico exempted on 5/20/2019.

Section 232 Autos and Automotive Parts TBD TBD
Status: For the latest status, please click here.
Section 301 For the final list of products in List 1, please click here.

For the final list of products in List 2, please click here.

For the final list of products in List 3, please click here.

For a list of products in List 4A, please click here. See Annex A.

For a list of products in List 4B, please click here. See Annex C.

25%

30%

25%

30%

10%

25%

30%

15%

15%

7/6/2018

10/15/2019

8/23/2018

10/15/2019

9/24/2018

5/10/2019

10/15/2019

9/1/2019

12/15/2019

Status: List 1 totaling $34 billion worth of imports is composed of 818 tariff lines, and went into effect on 7/6/2018.

List 2 totaling $16 billion worth of imports was originally composed of 284 proposed tariff lines identified by the interagency Section 301 Committee. 279 of the 284 lines went into effect on 8/23/2018.

For full details on List 2, please click here.

List 3 totaling approximately $200 billion of imports was originally composed of 6,031 tariff lines. 5,745 full and partial lines went into effect on 9/24/2018.

For full details on List 3, please click here.

Unofficial searchable and filterable spreadsheet with Current U.S. Section 301 Tariff Lists (Updated for Final List 3)

On May 10, 2019, List 3 tariffs increased to 25 percent (see here for on-water exception).

Retaliatory Actions

Canada For covered products, please click here. Table 1 – 25%
Table 2 – 10%
Table 3 – 10%
7/1/2018

(as of 5/20/2019)

Status: The Canadian government received over 1,000 submissions of public feedback during public consultations on its original list.

Canada is imposing countermeasures against C$16.6 billion in imports of steel, aluminum, and other products from the U.S., representing the value of 2017 Canadian exports affected by the U.S. tariffs.

Canada officials terminated its countermeasures on May 20, 2019, after the U.S. lifted its steel and aluminum 232 tariffs.

EU For covered products, please click here. Annex I – 10% or 25%
Annex II – 10% – 50%
Annex I – 6/22/2018
Annex II – 3/23/2021 or 5th day after WTO Dispute Settlement Body rules against the U.S. action, whichever is first.
Status: For the latest status, please click here.
Mexico For the translated list of covered products, please click here. 7% – 25% (pages 1-4)

10% – 15% (page 5)

6/5/2018

7/5/2018

(as of 5/20/2019)

Status: Most retaliatory measures effective as of 6/5/2018. An “exception” list is effective on 7/5/2018.

Mexico terminated its countermeasures on May 20, 2019, after the U.S. lifted its steel and aluminum 232 tariffs.

China (Response to Section 232 Tariffs) For covered products, please click here. Annex I – 15% – 25% 4/3/2018
Status: See above.
China (Response to Section 301 Tariffs) For covered products in List 1, please click here.

(Unofficial Version)

25% (No Change on June 1st – 28 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded) 7/6/2018
For covered products in List 2, please click here.(Unofficial Version) 25% (No Change on June 1st – 116 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded) 8/23/2018
 

For covered products in List 3, please click here. (Unofficial Version)

Additional Tariffs Announced on August 23, 2019

Annex 1 – increased from 10% to 25% on June 1st, 2019

Annex 2 – increased from 10% to 20% on June 1st, 2019

Annex 3 – increased from  5% to 10% on June 1st, 2019

Annex 4 – remains 5% (No Change on June 1st – 67 lines of auto and auto part products on this list will be excluded)

List 1 (Unofficial Version)

List 2 (Unofficial Version)

 

6/1/2019 for Annexes 1, 2, and 3

9/24/2018 (Annex 4)

September 1, 2019

December 15, 2019

Status: List 1 is composed of 545 tariff lines, and goes into effect on 7/6/2018.

List 2 contains 333 tariff lines on U.S. goods worth $16 billion. Start date is 8/23/2018.

List 3 contains 5,207 tariff lines on U.S. worth $60 billion. Start date is 9/24/2018.

The September 1 and December 15, 2019 increases represent an additional $75 billion of tariffs on U.S. goods.  

India For covered products, please click here. Up to $10.6 billion;
Annex I – 5% – 100%
1/31/2019
Status: The U.S. declined India’s request for WTO consultations.
Japan For covered products, please click here. Up to $1.91 billion TBD – no earlier than March 23, 2021, or the 5th day following the date of a decision from the WTO DSB, whichever comes first.
Status: No update since May 18, 2018. Ambassador Lighthizer is holding trade talks with Economy Minister Motegi in July. Under Secretary McKinney is also leading a trade mission to Japan to discuss a possible bilateral trade deal.
Russia For covered products, please click here. Additional Tariffs of 25, 30, 35, or 40% 8/6/2018
Status: On August 6, 2018, Russia began imposing additional tariffs on selected U.S. products.
Turkey For covered products, please click here. Up to $1.78 billion;
Annex I – 5% – 40%Increased certain duties by 4 to 140%
 

6/21/2018

8/15/2018

Status:


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NOTE – this post was updated on 9/19/2018 to reflect the change in retaliation duties on affected U.S. goods.

In a press release issued on August 1, United States Trade Representative (USTR) Robert Lighthizer announced the President directed him to consider increasing the proposed level of the additional duty on the latest Section 301

On August 8, China released its list of retaliatory tariffs on $16 billion in U.S. goods. This was in direct response to the USTR’s announcement on August 7 of the final List 2 of Section 301 tariffs on $16 billion in Chinese imports. The Chinese Ministry of Finance’s list released today includes an additional 219